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Europeandthe Middle East

Conscription tax collecting syria ibrahim son of

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Unformatted text preview: , 3% imports Hatt­I Sherif 1839 Jizyah (cizye) vs. conscription Tax­collecting Syria Syria Ibrahim (son of Muhammad Ali) took Syria 1832 Bashir II Consequences: • • • • • • Centralization, disarms population regularized taxes privileges for minorities education encouraged law and order conscription Treaty of London 1840 Muhammad Ali died 1848 Lebanon Lebanon Intra­European conflicts Rebellions against feudal lords, taxation, conscription Dual Qaymakams 1842 European “protection”: Mutasarrifiya • Maronite North (France), Druze South (England) • Autonomous area under Christian governor Algeria 1830 and on (and on) (and European Population and Land Ownership 3,000,000 2,500,000 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 18 41 18 61 18 81 19 01 19 54 •Bourbon King Charles X •Abd al­Qadir Land (hectares) Population Data from John Ruedy, Modern Algeria, 69. Crimean War War 1853: Russian Ultimatum Sends troops Britain and France side with Ottomans 1856: Treaty of Paris Respect Ottoman integrity, no unilateral gains, demilitarization of Black Sea...
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