Unformatted text preview: After the War: After The Limits of Resistance Defining Membership Treaty of Sevres, 1920 Mandates Mandates Paris Peace Conference: To reconcile Woodrow Wilson’s ideas with imperialism Mandate: successor to empire, but to be administered according to internationally accepted principles Prepare former territories for statehood, sacred trust Limits of Resistance: Syria, Faysal, and the French Condolences: Transjordan to Abdullah Left to right: King Ali of the Hijaz, King Abdullah of Jordan, Crown Prince (later King) Talal of Jordan, Abdul llah (Regent of Iraq), circa 1937. © Royal Hashemite Court Archives Britain in Iraq Britain
“…The average Arab, as opposed to the handful of amateur politicians of Baghdad, sees the future as one of fair dealing and material and moral progress under the aegis of Great Britain…With the experience of my Political Officers behind me, I can confidently declare that the country as a whole neither expects nor desires any such sweeping schemes of independence as are adumbrated, if not clearly denoted, in the AngloFrench Declaration.” A. W. Wilson, Acting Civil Commissioner, 16 November 1918 http://airminded.org/2006/10/14/air controlinpictures/ New Imperialism New
Winston S. Churchill to David Lloyd George 1 September 1922 “I am deeply concerned about Iraq. The task you have given me is becoming really impossible. Our forces are reduced now to very slender proportions. The Turkish menace has got worse; Feisal is playing the fool, if not the knave; his incompetent Arab officials are disturbing some of the provinces and failing to collect the revenue; we overpaid £200,000 on last year's account… King Faysal Gertrude Bell to her father: “You may rely on one thing. I’ll never engage in creating kings again; it’s too great a strain.”
http://www.gerty.ncl.ac.uk/ At present we are paying eight millions a year for the privilege of living on an ungrateful volcano out of which we are in no circumstances to get anything worth having.” (Churchill papers: 17/27) http://www.winstonchurchill.org/files/public/ungrateful_ volcano.pdf Who controls? British retain control over economy, foreign policy, security. RAF bases Mosul Question 1925 1925 Sanjak Question, 1936 Sanjak Nation-States Nation-States
Replaced the Ottoman Empire with an unstable collection of nationstates 1. Creation and consequences of borders 2. Nature of leadership 3. Need for a nation Installed a foreign presence 1. 2. Dependent independence Creation of Israel ...
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- Spring '08
- Woodrow Wilson, new imperialism, Treaty of Sèvres, Royal Hashemite Court