The Geographic Setting
1. Describe the resulting landscape from the collision of tectonic plates on this region.
Indian-Australian Plate collided with Eurasian Plate, Indian became a giant peninsula jutting into
the Indian Ocean, the formation of the Himalaya’s, Plateau of Tibet.
2. Describe the role the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) and monsoons play in the climate of this region.
What are the consequences of such severe weather on the landscape and people?
In winter, cool, dry air flows from the Eurasian continent to the ocean; in summer, warm,
moisture-laden air flows from the Indian Ocean over the Indian subcontinent, bringing with it
The abundance of this rainfall is amplified by the ITCZ, where air masses moving south from the
Northern Hemisphere converge near the equator with those moving north from the Southern
Hemisphere and produce copious precipitations as they rise and cool.
Intense rains of South Asia’s summer monsoon are due to the ITCZ being sucked onto the land by
a vacuum created when huge volumes of air over the Eurasian landmass heat up in the summer
and rise into the upper atmosphere.
3. What is the Indian diaspora? How does it enhance global connections? How does it affect South Asia?
The Indian diaspora—the set of all people of South Asian origin living abroad.
This migration stream contributes to brain drain: the flight of the best and brightest South Asians
to wealthier regions.
Probably the most socially visible members of the South Asian diaspora are those professionals in
medicine, science, and IT who settled in North America, Australia, New Zealand, and Europe.
4. Trace the path of colonization in this region. What are some of the positive and negative legacies of the
Aryans, Mughals, and British?
First recorded invades of South Asia, the Aryans moved into the rich Indus Valley and Punjab
from Central and Southwest Asia 3500 years ago. Contributed to early elements of classical
Hinduism, which include the influential caste system.
The invasion in 1526 by the Mughals, a group of Turkic Persian people from Central Asia,
intensified the spread of Islam. One legacy of the Mughals were unique were a unique heritage of
architecture, art, and literature that includes the Taj Mahal, the fortress at Agra, miniature painting,
and the tradition of lyric poetry. Mughals also helped produce the Hindi language.
British used the regions resources primarily for the benefit of Britain. This resulted in detrimental
effects on South Asia. This negatively impacted the textile industry in Bengal, forcing them to find
jobs as landless laborers in an economy that already had an abundance of agricultural labor. The
production of tropical agricultural raw materials, such as cotton, jute, tea, sugar, and indigo was
encouraged so that it could supply Britain’s other colonies and Britain itself. Trade with the rest of
the empire however, brought prosperity to a few areas, especially large British-built cities on the