BIO Lab Quiz1 study guide

BIO Lab Quiz1 study guide - daughter cells the daughter...

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BIO Lab Quiz Parts of the Microscope …..page 1.3 Cell theory: 1 all living organisms are composed of cells 2 the cell is the basic functional unit of living organisms 3 all cells arise from previously existing cells Prokaryotic: include members of the kingdom Monera. DNA is not partitioned from the rest of the cell but is found within ill defined regions of cytoplasm. Eukaryotic: include the members of the kingdom Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia. DNA is contained within a membrane bound nucleus that separates the nuclear material from the cytoplasm Plant Cell: have cell wall, les plastids, and large vacuoles Animal Cell: have centrioles, and lysosomes Mitosis: first type of cell division, associated with repair and growth. During mitosis the chromosomes in the parent cell are duplicated and the copies are separated and passed to
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Unformatted text preview: daughter cells, the daughter cells are thus genetic duplicates of the parent cell and are identical to one another Meiosis: gametes are formed, this process is sometimes referred to as reduction division because chromosome numbers in gametes are reduced to half of the number found in the parent cell. Stages of Mitosis: interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase …. .(PMAT) Organelles: page 2.5 Transformation: The process by which a normal cell changes into a cancerous one. 1 Initiation- induces a cell to becomes cancerous 2 Promotion- loses contact inhibition and is stimulated to grow 3 Metastasis- Spreading of cancer Scientific Method: 1 problem statement (a question) 2 questioning/ gathering facts 3 hypothesis (educated guess) 4 testing/ experiments 5 conclusion/ explanation 6 theory...
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