Psy3_ReviewSheets_FINAL

Psy3_ReviewSheets_FINAL - B I O L O G I C A L B ASIS O F...

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1 BIO L O GIC A L BASIS O F PSY C H O L O G Y (P s y 3) Fall Quarter 2008 L E C TURE 8 P s y c hopharma c ology (p s y c hoa c tiv e drug s ) (Chapter 4) Only t h e m a t e rial c ov e r e d in t h e l ec t ur e will b e on t h e f inal e xa m . Th e Synap s e : The basic components of the chemical synapse (recap). The major neurotransmitters and their functions (recap). G e n e ral Prop e rti e s of Drug s : Which of the processes of the chemical synapse can be modulated by drugs? What are agonists and antagonists? Drug s and A ce tyl c holin e : Black window venom. Botulinum toxin. Nicotine. Curare. Drug s and Dopamin e : L-Dopa. Amphetamine. Cocaine. Medications used to treat schizophrenia. Drug s and S e rotonin: Ecstasy (MDMA). What effect does MDMA have on the axons of neurons producing serotonin? SSRIs. What neurotransmitter system do many hallucinogenic drugs act on? Mescaline, bufotenin, LSD, ergot alkaloids. Oth e r Drug s : Can the effects of caffeine, nicotine and alcohol on the CNS be explained by their effects at synapses? Ba s i c Prin c ipl e s of Drug Eff ec t s : What does individual variability in drug effects depend on? Can tolerance to a drug be environment- dependent? Tolerance and withdrawal. What is addiction? What neurotransmitter and anatomical structure play important roles in the biology of addiction?
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2 L E C TURE 9 P s y c hopharma c ology ( Dr. Linnda Caporael’s research on witchcraft trials ) According to Dr. Caporael, what was the underlying biological cause of the Salem witchcraft trials? In their effects, ergot alkaloids are similar to o mescaline; o bufotenin; o LSD; o cocaine; o alcohol. Are ergot alkaloids synthetic or are they naturally produced? What major peripheral (i.e., non-CNS) effects do ergot alkaloids have? o They stop digestion. o They constrict blood vessels. o They interfere with normal kidney function. o They break down the blood-brain barrier. Why the analysis of “bog bodies” was important for Dr. Caporael’s hypothesis? Which of the following fields of science provided important evidence for Dr. Caporael’s hypothesis? More than one answer may be correct. o Behavioral psychology. o Meteorology (weather science). o History (historical records). o Mathematics (geometry). o Geography. o Geology. o Oceanography. o Mycology (science of fungi). L E C TURE 10 Th e G e n e ti c s , Evolution , and th e D e v e lopm e nt of th e Human Brain (Chapter 5) Only t h e m a t e rial c ov e r e d in t h e l ec t ur e will b e on t h e f inal e xa m . Major Prin c ipl e s of G e n e ti c s : How many pairs of chromosomes do humans have? How is the information in the genes translated to proteins?
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3 Individual G e n e V e r s ion s : Do all humans have identical genes? What are alleles or polymorphisms? Dominant and recessive alleles. Can an allele be neither dominant nor recessive? What is the serotonin transporter and why are its polymorphisms important? Can a gene polymorphism be associated with such higher-level functions as novelty seeking, dance performance, etc.? What are SNPs? What are CNPs and how are
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