Neuroanatomy - Neuroanatomy 22:04:00 Biopsychology biology...

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Neuroanatomy 07/02/2009 23:04:00 Biopsychology – biology of behavior History 1. Ancient Egyptians o Embalmed their royalty for the afterlife. They thought you take your  body with you. o They were careful with the organs (kept them in jars) except the brain.  They threw the brain away and had no regard for it.  They thought  there was no connection with the mind. o They did however notice the spinal cord (nervous system) The heart - Aristotle o Came up with new ideas like that thinking came from the brain and that  your mind was associated with the heart Ventricular system – Leonardo da Vinci o Renaissance o Thought that mind and spirit came through the ventricular system o The church was very invested in the idea that mind and spirit and soul  were outside the body Dualism – Rene Descartes 1500s o When central nervous system, is affected, it changes the mind and  body o Dualism – the notion that the mind is subject only to spiritual  interactions, while the body and brain are subject only to material  interactions o Reconcile the church and science Brain localization – Paul Broca 1800s o Damage to specific parts of the brain can cause to lose the ability to  perform specifications that the specific part of the brain controls (motor  functions, speaking, etc.) o Some patients who had a stroke suffer from aphasia – a problem with  producing language and speaking normally In the autopsies, all patients revealed to have damage to the  same part of the brain
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He discovered that different parts of the brain control different  functions Broca’s Area o Brain localization – the concept that specific brain regions are  responsible for various types of experience, behavior, and  psychological processes.
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