chapter 9 - Gender a nd Identity Process Roles and Cu ltu...

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Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 05
Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency
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Gender and Identity: Process, Roles, and Culture in Development and in Context ..,_ Define the difference ip the use of the words sex and gender. Explain the spectru m of gender based on masculinity and on femininity. Describe five genetic intersex conditions. Gender Identity and Expression Explain the difference between gender identity and sexual orientation. Describe the relationship between gender identity and transsexuality. Explain the difference between androgyny a nd transgender. Gender Roles Explain how cu lture influences gender roles and how they vary across cu ltures. Explain the role of power, stereotypes, a nd control in gender roles. Identify the five major social institutions that influence gender roles. Gender Norms and Variance Describe how norms influence conformity to traditional masculine and feminine behavior. • Define gender nonconformity. Gender Identity Rights and Sexual Well-Being Describe gender identity rights for individuals who choose a nonconforming gender orientation. Learning • Objectives 291
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Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 05
Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency
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Developing Your Position 1. Do you see gender and sexual differentiation as being based on biology or culture, or both? 292 2. How did society's gender expectations help shape your attitudes and socialization in growing up, or did it play a part at all? 3. In what ways were you socialized to be the gender you are now? Self, Society, and Culture: Gender Ambiguity I (Nicole) will never forget the day when I realized how critical the concept of gender is to our human identity. My sister had some dose friends who were expecting their first child. This couple decided to wait until the baby was born to find out if they were having a "boy'' or a "girl." When the father called to tell us about the birth, our first question was, "Is it a boy or a girl?" After a long pause, the father responded, "We don't know." In the coming days, the parents began unlocking the mystery of their child's biological sex. Chromosomally, their child was a male. Physically, however, the baby's genitals did not look like those of either male or female. The parents would better understand their child's gender in a few years when their child's body would develop in puberty. They were left with a difficult decision to iden- tify their child as male or female on the birth certificate. They ultimately decided to go with the DNA results and register the baby as male. They have raised the child as a "boy'' with an understanding that as he grows up and uncovers his own gender, he may need to change. Take some time to consider what you would do as a parent in this situation. Consider how much sex and gender contribute to who we are as individuals and what is expected of us in our families and culture. This chapter is about understanding sex development and recog- nizing the importance of gender, gender roles, and gender identity in the human experience. UNDERSTANDING GENDER IN DEVELOPMENT AND IN CONTEXT Someone's gender seems obvious at first glance, or does it? If you encounter someone whose gender is not dear, do you find yourself intensely curious about whether that person is a man or a woman? Why do you think that we are so intent on needing to know the answer? The reality is that the concepts of sex and gender are so deeply ingrained in our identity that it is difficult to think about anything else without knowing that contextual piece of information.

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