The American Promise, Ch 9 Outline

The American Promise Value Edition, Combined Version (Volumes I & II): A History of the United States

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

I. The Search for Stability A. Washington Inaugurates the Government 1. The election of George Washington in February 1789 was quick work, the tallying of the unanimous votes by the electoral college a mere formality. 2. Once in office, Washington carefully calculated his moves, knowing that with every step he was setting a precedent and a misstep could be dangerous for the fragile new government. 3. Washington's genius in establishing the presidency lay in his capacity for implanting his own reputation for integrity into the office itself. 4. Washington chose talented and experienced men, regardless of their deep philosophical differences, to preside over the newly created departments of war, treasury, and state. 5. Washington chose General Henry Knox for the Department of War, Alexander Hamilton for the Treasury, Thomas Jefferson for the Department of State, Edmund Randolph for attorney general, and John Jay for chief justice of the Supreme Court. 6. Washington began meeting regularly with these men, thereby establishing the precedent of a presidential cabinet. B. The Bill of Rights 1. An early order of business in the First Congress was the passage of a Bill of Rights, which seven states had specified as a condition for their ratification of the Constitution. 2. James Madison pulled much of the wording of the rights directly from the language of various state constitutions with bills of rights. 3. In September 1789, Congress approved a set of twelve amendments and sent them to the states for approval; ten were eventually ratified. 4. The process of state ratification took another two years, but there was no serious doubt about the outcome. 5. Significantly, no one complained about the one striking omission in the Bill of Rights: the right to vote. Only much later was voting seen as a fundamental liberty requiring protection by constitutional amendment. C. The Republican Wife and Mother 1. Women's exclusion from political activity did not mean they had no civic role or responsibility. 2. Essayists of the 1790s promoted the idea that chaste, virtuous women could promote good morals more than any social institution could. 3. Republican ideals also cast motherhood in a new light by stressing significant maternal influence on the future male citizenry; advocates for female education, still a controversial proposition, argued that education produced better mothers, who in turn would produce better citizens. 4. Although women's obligations as wives and mothers were now infused with political meaning, traditional gender roles remained unaltered.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

II. Hamilton's Economic Policies A. Agriculture, Transportation, and Banking 1. Dramatic increases in the international price of grain in the 1790s motivated American farmers to boost agricultural production for the export trade, which, in turn, generated new jobs for millers, coopers, dockworkers, and ship- and wagon-builders.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern