Chapter 7 – The Ottoman Economy

Chapter 7 – The Ottoman Economy - Chapter 7...

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Chapter 7 – The Ottoman Economy Population - Before the late 19 th century, counted the wealth of its subjects but not the people themselves. - Only counted those responsible for the payment of taxes (household heads, usually males) or likely to be of military use (young men) - So population as a whole can only be guessed until the 1880s, when the first censuses happened. - Total population may have equaled some 25-32 millions in 1800. o 10-11 million in European provinces o 11 million in Asiatic areas o 3 million in the North African provinces - 1914, Ottoman subjects totaled 26 million. - Empires territory had been much reduced from 777,000 to 337,000 square miles. Thus from 1800 to 1914 the population density had doubled since the same number of inhabitants were squeezed into less than half the area they had occupied. - Ottoman subjects did not live very long (short lifespan) - In Istanbul, Anatolia (and perhaps the Balkans), Ottoman subjects did not live in multiple households of three generations of family – grandparents, parents, and children. Rather they lived in simple or nuclear families. (Parents + children + maybe grandparents) - There were different patterns in the Arab Provinces (Aleppo, Tripoli, Damascus) households had usually at least 2 generations. -
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Chapter 7 – The Ottoman Economy - Chapter 7...

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