The American Promise, Ch 15 Outline

The American Promise Value Edition, Combined Version (Volumes I & II): A History of the United States

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
I. "And the War Came" A. Attack on Fort Sumter 1. In the spring of 1861, Major Robert Anderson and some eighty U.S. soldiers occupied Fort Sumter at the entrance to Charleston harbor. 2. To Southerners, the fort, with its American flag, became a hateful symbol reminding Southerners of the nation they had abandoned while Northerners saw Fort Sumter as a symbol of federal sovereignty in the seceded states. 3. Lincoln would not abandon Fort Sumter, so he had to provision it, but he avoided sending military reinforcements. 4. On April 9, 1861, Jefferson Davis and his cabinet met to consider the situation; according to Davis, the territorial integrity of the Confederacy demanded the end of the U.S. presence. 5. Against the advice of his secretary of state, Robert Toomb, Jefferson Davis sent Confederate soldiers to bombard the fort, forcing Anderson to surrender. 6. In response, Lincoln called for 75,000 militiamen to serve for ninety days to put down the rebellion. B. The Upper South Chooses Sides 1. The Upper South faced a horrendous choice: either to fight against the Lower South or to fight against the Union. 2. Within weeks, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia joined the Confederacy; in the border states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, Unionism triumphed. 3. The struggle turned violent in the West, especially in Missouri, where southern sympathizing guerrilla bands roamed the state for the duration of the conflict, wreaking bloody havoc on soldiers and citizens alike. 4. Throughout the border states, but especially in Kentucky, the Civil War became a "brothers' war," dividing families over the issue of slavery. 5. In the end, only eleven of the fifteen slave states joined the Confederate States of America; four of the seceding Upper South states contained significant numbers of people who felt little affection for the Confederacy. II. The Combatants A. How They Expected to Win 1. A comparison of northern and southern resources reveals enormous advantages for the Union, nevertheless, Southerners believed that they would triumph. 2. The South's confidence rested partly on its estimation of the economic clout of its principal crop, cotton, believing that northern prosperity depended on the South's cotton and that the crop would also make Europe a powerful ally of the Confederacy.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
3. The Confederacy devised a military strategy that recognized that a Confederate victory required only that the South stay at home, blunt invasions, avoid battles that risked annihilating its army, and outlast the northern will to fight. 4. The Lincoln administration developed an offensive strategy that applied pressure at many points, most importantly aiming at blocking the export and sale of the South's prized cotton crop. 5.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 8

The American Promise, Ch 15 Outline - I"And the War Came A...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online