1Four Fields•Anthropological linguistics• Archaeology•Physical or biological anthropology•Sociocultural anthropology /•Physical and biological anthropologyfocuses on the biological aspects of human nature.•Social anthropologyfocuses on culture, as the dimension of human nature that is not determined by biology. Early theories of human difference were based on biological or ecological determinism.Edward Tylor (1832-1917)
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2Culture•varies independently of biology•is learned, and passed down •is shared, but carried on by individuals•is wholly or partly mental•includes ideas, values, assumptions, procedures practices….Analogy #1: Culture is like a gameWith rules… but no rulebook.Culture is learned experientiallyUnderstanding cultural meanings requires paying attention to context.