1-2 Culture - natural but they are arbitrary An accident of...

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1 Four Fields Anthropological linguistics • Archaeology Physical or biological anthropology Sociocultural anthropology / Physical and biological anthropology focuses on the biological aspects of human nature. Social anthropology focuses on culture, as the dimension of human nature that is not determined by biology. Early theories of human difference were based on biological or ecological determinism. Edward Tylor (1832-1917)
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2 Culture varies independently of biology is learned, and passed down is shared, but carried on by individuals is wholly or partly mental includes ideas, values, assumptions, procedures practices…. Analogy #1: Culture is like a game With rules… but no rulebook. Culture is learned experientially Understanding cultural meanings requires paying attention to context .
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