1-2 Culture

1-2 Culture - natural but they are arbitrary. An accident...

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1 Four Fields • Anthropological linguistics • Archaeology • Physical or biological anthropology • Sociocultural anthropology / • Physical and biological anthropology focuses on the biological aspects of human nature. • Social anthropology focuses on culture, as the dimension of human nature that is not determined by biology. Early theories of human difference were based on biological or ecological determinism. Edward Tylor (1832-1917)
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2 Culture • varies independently of biology • is learned, and passed down • is shared, but carried on by individuals • is wholly or partly mental • includes ideas, values, assumptions, procedures practices…. Analogy #1: Culture is like a game With rules… but no rulebook. Culture is learned experientially Understanding cultural meanings requires paying attention to context .
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3 The rules of culture may seem
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Unformatted text preview: natural but they are arbitrary. An accident of history Analogy #2: Culture is like a language / bai n. paper, sheet leaf / bpai v. to go 4 Culture is ubiquitous Quantitative vs. Qualitative Quantitative data (surveys, statistics) tells us who , what and where . Qualitative research (holistic, experiential) focuses on how and why . Fieldwork Anthropology is distinctive for the theoretical stance we take toward the material we study. 5 Anthropology is distinctive for the theoretical stance we take toward the material we study. = cultural relativism Anthropology is distinctive for the theoretical stance we take toward the material we study. = avoiding ethnocentrism Anthropologys business is plaguing subtle people with obtuse questions. (Clifford Geertz)...
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2009 for the course ANTH 002 taught by Professor Hines during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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1-2 Culture - natural but they are arbitrary. An accident...

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