2-2 British structure

2-2 British structure - of British anthropology ± Theorist...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Society: structure and function Early contributions to theory in British anthropology Picart 1712-31, based on Lemoyne’s account of New World infant sacrifice. 19 th century British anthropology ± Influenced by: ² Colonial interests. ² Victorian social norms. Bronislaw Malinowski (1884-1942) ± Considered the father of ‘modern’ anthropology.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Malinowski on ethnography Malinowski’s approach ± Prolonged and intensive fieldworker ² Argued fieldwork necessary to understand what he called “the imponderabilia of actual life” ± Viewed culture as a primarily mental phenomenon. Kula
Background image of page 2
3 functionalism ± theory or hypothesis about social order: ² Every existing social process in a culture exists because it serves some function ² That function is not always apparent even to the members of the culture. ² Very individualistic: assumes that society exists to fulfill needs of individual. A. A. Radcliffe-Brown (1881-1955) ± Considered co-founder
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: of British anthropology. ± Theorist of ‘structural functionalism’ structural functionalism ± Emphasis on social cohesiveness: ² Cultural forms help society hang together. ² Even intimate behaviors explainable in terms of social structure. Critiques of theory of functionalism & structural-functionalism ± Too static, ± Society looks too much like a machine ± Emphasizes basic human needs , but ignores much of human complexity 4 E.E. Evans-Pritchard (1902-1973) • Studied with Malinowski • Established standards for fieldwork • More interested in analysis, theory Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic among the Azande (Evans-Pritchard, 1937) cultural logic ± The capacity for organizing and making meaning is a human universal. ± What is different is the style of the theoretical system – the culture. Other terms ± institution ± law ± agent...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/01/2009 for the course ANTH 002 taught by Professor Hines during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

Page1 / 4

2-2 British structure - of British anthropology ± Theorist...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online