3-2 The Gift

3-2 The Gift - modern economies The gift: relations of...

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1 The gift: relations of exchange modern economies ± Systematized, based on rules and standards: ² Money ² Markets (e.g. NYSE) ² Institutions ± Including private (e.g. Microsoft) ± And public (e.g. Social Security, the UC system) In The Gift, Mauss asks 1. In the absence of law and regulation, how are goods redistributed? 2. How is the social order maintained? ± Members of a group of French sociological thinkers, influential in the 1920s. ± Early social theorists – that is, philosophers of society. ± Based their theories on ethnographic data and other field research (though usually work conducted by others). (1858-1917) (1872-1950)
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2 Durkheim studied the collective dimension of human experience ± Argued that aspects of human thought and experience that seem to be individual are in fact rooted in our collective , social life. ± “social facts” = phenomena that are must be understood by looking at the level of social (rather than the individual) experience. The Gift
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3-2 The Gift - modern economies The gift: relations of...

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