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01-30 Thomas Aquinas Cosmological Arguments

01-30 Thomas Aquinas Cosmological Arguments - Thomas...

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Thomas Aquinas: Cosmological Arguments January 30, 2009 Aquinas on the Ontological Argument -“No one can mentally admit the opposite of what is self-evident; as the Philosopher. . . states concerning the first principle of demonstration. But the opposite of the proposition ‘God is’ can be mentally admitted: The fool said in his heart, There is no God (Ps. lii. 1). Therefore, that God exists is not self-evident.” (Summa Theologica p. 350) -“Perhaps not everyone who hears this word ‘God’ understands it to signify something than which nothing greater can be thought, seeing that some have believed God to be a body. Yet, granted that everyone understands that by this word ‘God’ is signified something than which nothing greater can be thought, nevertheless, it does not therefore follow that he understands that what the word signifies exists actually, but only that it exists mentally. Nor can it be argued that it actually exists, unless it be admitted that there actually exists something than which nothing greater can be thought; and this precisely is not admitted by those who hold that God does not exist.” (Summa Theologica, p. 350) IN THESE PASSAGES AQUINAS IS DENYING THAT WE CAN START FROM THE IDEA OF A BEING AND ARGUE TO ITS EXISTENCE IN REALITY.
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