Week 6-Thinking Notes - PSYCHOLOGY1 Thinking Cognition...

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PSYCHOLOGY1 February 12, 2009 Thinking: Cognition: Metacognition: Digital Computer Vs. Brain Digital Computer Brain Inorganic(Si,Ga, As) Organic(C,O,N) Taught Can teach itself Fixed hardware Grows own circuit Can’t repair itself Repairs itself(somewhat) Tool Agent Non-adaptive software Adaptive software Areas Where the brain takes shortcuts o Perception :( automatization in perception (necker cube-12 lines)(top- down processing: experience affects perception)—Embedded figures:perception of forms depends on how one “dissects” the overall pattern. Geons: Stroop Effect: the interference between automatized and deliberate ways of thinking. (letterVS.word, actual numberVS.counted number) Search asymmetries: (gap and tilt as single features) easier to find tilts and gaps in groups of straights and wholes. o Imagination : o Forming concepts : (What attributes define a chair?) we have attributes in our head that evidently define what something is. –mental prototype(central idea) of what each category defines. (ex. prototype of
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Unformatted text preview: what constitutes a “dog”) o Making decisions : Availability heuristitc: our basing our decision on the most easily recalled alternatives. (most common last name: “Smith”—wrong. Lee, but in our most easily recalled alternative, actually “Li”.) Representativeness heuristic : when only a few instances are taken to represent the entire category. (bases the overall influence on simply one small group of people). Framing bias : when the wording of a problem leads us to a decision. (today’s “spinning,” we take the attitude because of the context of which the facts are imbedded—“glass half full, rather than glass half empty) o Reframing: Our attitudes and feelings depend strongly upon the context in which they are framed . Changing the context in which our attitudes and feelings are solicited can change those attitudes and feelings. Beware of “spin”! Website : ...
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  • Psychology, easily recalled alternatives

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