Art of the Ancient Near East - Study Guide 2 Art of the...

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Study Guide 2 Art of the Ancient Near East Terms: Ziggurat : The Sumerians most impressive surviving archaeological remains. Huge stepped structures with a temple or shrine on top. Elevation protected shrines from flooding. They proclaimed the wealth, and prestige of rulers/ gods. Votive: Limestone statues. Images dedicated to gods. Placed in shrines before a larger figure representing a god . Simplified forms, mostly of women. Hands clasp, wide-set eyes make them appear to be in awe or a gaze. Stela/ Stele: A stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscriptions or reliefs. Used as a grave marker or memorial. Cuneiform: An early form of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed into wet clay with a stylus, primarily used by ancient Mesopotamians. Register: A device used in systems of spatial definition. In sculpture, the placement of self-contained bands of reliefs in a vertical arrangement. Incised (intaglio): A technique in which a design or inscription is cut into a hard surfacewith a sharp instrument such a surface is said to be incised.
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