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Early Buddhist Art in India & Development of the Buddha Image

Early Buddhist Art in India & Development of the Buddha Image

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Study Guide 11 Early Buddhist Art in India & Development of the Buddha Image Terms: Buddha: “enlightened one” Being who has achieved enlightenment. On his head is a protuberance called a ushnisha, which serves as a symbol of his expanded wisdom. Has a tuft of hair in the center of his forehead (urna). Yakshi: a (female) spirit associated with the productive forces of nature. Yaksha: The male nature spirit that acts as an agent of the Hindu gods . Sculpted images are often found on Hindu temples and other sacred places, particularly at the entrances. Chaitya hall: A type of Buddhist temple found in India. Built in the form of a hall or basilica, it is highly decorated with sculpture and usually is carved from a cave or natural rock location. It houses a sacred shrine or stupa for worship. Fresco: A painting technique in which waterbased pigments are applied to a surface of wet plaster. Nirvana: literally means “blowing out”: extinction of desire, attachments to this world; enlightenment.
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  • Spring '09
  • Wetzel
  • Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, Buddhist art, Stupa India Buddhist, Buddha Image Terms

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