V Organic - Organic Kinds of Hydrocarbons Aliphatic Chains...

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Organic
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Kinds of Hydrocarbons Aliphatic Chains or rings of carbon atoms May be planar or non - planar Aromatic Planar molecules Usually contain one or more benzene rings
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Aliphatic Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons - contain only C and H Names of carbon chains # of C atoms Root Name 1 meth - 2 eth - 3 prop - 4 but - 5 pent - 6 hex - 7 hept - 8 oct - 9 non - 10 dec -
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Alkanes Saturated hydrocarbons Contain no double or triple bonds Naming Root name + ane General Formula: C n H 2n+2 H H H H C C C H H H H CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 propane
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Alkenes Unsaturated hydrocarbons Contain one double bond Naming Root name + ene H H H H C C C H H CH 3 CHCH 2 propene • General Formula: C n H 2n
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Alkynes Unsaturated hydrocarbons Contain one triple bond Naming Root name + yne General Formula: C n H 2n-2 H H C C C H H CH 3 CCH propyne
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Cycloalkanes Unsaturated hydrocarbons Contain one ring Naming Cyclo + root name+ ane H H H H H H H H H H H H cyclohexane C 6 H 12 General formula: C n H 2n
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Alkdienes Unsaturated hydrocarbons Contain 2 double bonds Naming: root name + diene H H H C C C C H H H CH 2 CHCHCH 2 butadiene General Formula: C n H 2n-2
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Positional Isomers Positional Isomers occur when the hydrocarbon can have a multiple bond (or functional group) in a different location.
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