The distribution of certain offenses within the United States and how various groups
are affected differently (e.g., middle class whites vs. lower class minorities)
~White Middle Class
: Robbery was 1.9 per 1,000 and 5.9 for blacks.
burglary rate was 58 per 1,000 for poorest Americans compared to 20.8 per 1,000
Blacks in 2002 were 6 times more likely to be murdered than whites.
1980’s it got bad.
Drug trade took over,
and even with crime drop, there are still lots of drugs within the neighborhoods.
Two drug problems:
major population and in the inner cities.
Some drug surveys
say the drug problems have dropped, but hospitals say cocaine is popular.
Violent/lethal crime is the main problem.
NVCS say that the victim rates for
property rates in other European countries and other English speaking countries
are not that different than those in the US.
Poland is higher, and within 30% is
new Zealand, Netherlands, Australia, Check Rep, Spain, Canada, Italy, England,
France, and Sweden.
The US is not even that much worse in violent crime rate
(mainly robbery and assault).
The real difference is with lethal violence.
the US homicide rate is almost 4 times Canada, 9 times France and Germany, 14
times England and Japan.
Despite crime drop, the US still has high rates of lethal
We need to focus on murder, rather than burglary, drug use and other
How the U.S. compares to other developed Western nations in terms of property
crime rates and homicide rates
In terms of homicide, we stick out like a sore thumb. We have a 14x higher
murder rate than England. Our prison population is significantly higher as well.
Our property crimes are slightly higher, but hang in there.
The major values of the crime control perspective with regard to handling crime
The Crime Control perspective is to have harsh punishments for those of violent
offenses to keep society safe and social order.
For example the get tough on
crime, 3 strikes your out, and zero tolerance
The major values of the due process perspective with regard to handling crime
The Due Process perspective is a model of criminal justice that emphasizes
indicidual rights and constitutional safeguards against arbitrary or unfair
judicial or administrative proceedings.
The type of cases found within each layer of the “wedding cake model”