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Unformatted text preview: Between the years 1189 and 1399 there were seven different kings in England, each of them with several different relationships that guided Englands place in Europe and in history. Richard I, John, Henry III, Edward I, II, and III, and Richard II all had some hand in foreign affairs whether it was by marriage, advisors, the papacy, or wars. It seems as if all seven of them had all four of these types of relationships; indeed they did. Yet, some of the relationships and wars are more important than the others. Richard I was at war with Philip Augustus, King of France, almost immediately after his coronation in 1189. Richard reigned for 10 years as the King and more than half of it was spent plotting against Philip Augustus. By the ninth year of his reign, Richard had managed to gain back from France all of the lands that had been taken while he was a captor of Henry VI, Emperor of Germany. This sticks out as important in the large scheme of things as prolonging the Rule of England outside of the island for that much longer. For all the success that Richard I had gaining back the lands that had been taken from him, John did not. It was due to John that the Angevin Empire collapsed. During a tour of Aquitaine, John married Isabel of Angouleme, she however, had already been promised to Hugh the Brown of Lusignan, a neighboring state. This offense shamed the Lusignan family and he did nothing to stay their hatred. Soon after, he began to offend the other barons of Aquitaine by confiscating their lands. This dangerous move proved to be the straw that broke the camels back. Philip Augustus summoned the Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and the Count of Anjou to his court. He was their feudal lord and they were his fiefs, however, those Dukes and Count happened to be King John of England, when he refused to come, the King of France waged war on Normandy. By mid 1204, all of Normandy belonged to France, as well as Maine, Anjou and other northern...
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This essay was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course HIST 342 taught by Professor Gough during the Spring '08 term at Washington State University .
- Spring '08