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Philosophy Test 2 - Philosophy Test 2 and shit 1 Influences...

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Philosophy Test 2 and shit 1) Influences on Descartes a) The geometric or deductive approach i) Forms a shape of philosophy based on math ii) Basic maximums , hopefully known iii) And deducing other answers from theorems iv) Descries of math and science to a certain extent of where can b) The “mechanical” view of nature (plants and animals producible by the world) i) A “natural” view of the world ii) A false view created by contemporary physics iii) Has a precise scientific outlook in nature and has predictive power iv) A very cause and effect type of view c) The significance of religious language and thought as found in theism i) Takes the nature of soul as being separate from the body ii) Scientific world with a spiritual view (1)What does he have to do to make all 3 of the influences work? 2) Descartes Dilemma a) Because you are human there will be times when you want to be absolutely certain about i) Because I am human I want to be certain about some things before I start (be sure where he begins) ii) How can a human being be absolutely certain if he is fallible (made mistakes before) b) How can a fallible person be absolutely certain? 3) Descartes method of Doubt a) Deliberative versus ordinary doubt i) Deliberative is not like ordinary doubt at all, he is trying to doubt whatever he can (1)Why?-in order to see if there is anything left over ii) Ordinary doubt is what you are forced to doubt b) “universal” –might find to doubt i) Doubt everything you can (1)Does not mean everything can be doubted or thrown out ii) Has to develop the devices to be able to doubt or thrown out c) Economical i) Of doubting the beliefs that cannot be doubted using the 2 devices, I am going to doubt everything using these 2 devices (1)Sense perception (2)Dreaming and evil demon d) The dreaming and evil demon devices i) Dreaming device argument and reasoning
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(1)You dream you wake up and dream very real to you and realities you know (a)Descartes does not believe that you are always dreaming (i) Just what we know now can happen in a dream 1. therefore anything based on sense perception is out (b)Because it is consistent with what you know you are not wrong about it (2)The evil demon device ( gets rid of all beliefs based on sense perception) (a)Think like the idea of the matrix movie (i) The thoughts are being put into your head , 1. so everything you might know might be put into your head a.
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