Child Disorders

Child Disorders - Classification Scheme Child...

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Classification Scheme Child Psychopathology Abnormalities in Development Emotional Disorders Mental Retardation (Axis II) Internalizing Disorders Learning Disabilities Pervasive Developmental Disorders Externalizing Disorders Autism Aspergers Rett’s Reading Writing Mathematical Expressive/Receptive Language Disorder Anxiety Disorders Mood Disorders Eating Disorders ADHD ODD Conduct Disorder
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MENTAL RETARDATION Sub average Intellectual functioning (IQ<70) Impairments in adaptive functioning 2 or more areas such as Communication, self-care, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, academic skills, work, leisure, health, safety, use of community resources Onset before age 18
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Subtypes of Mental Retardation Mild (IQ 50-70) Educable Intermittent support Moderate (IQ 35-55) Trainable Limited support Severe (IQ 20-35) Extensive support Profound (IQ <20) Pervasive support
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Causes of Mental Retardation Biological Chromosomal disorders (e.g., Down syndrome) Genetic disorders (e.g., PKU) Infectious diseases (e.g., encephalitis, intrauterine infection) Toxins (e.g., lead, fetal alcohol syndrome) Other ( anoxia, malnutrition, radiation, head trauma) Cultural/familial: genetic variation, abuse, neglect, deprivation
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Treatment of Mental Retardation Primary prevention prenatal care, amniocentesis, nutrition Early intervention Head Start, enriched environment Appropriate education, training Federal Law 94-142; special ed Free public ed, least restrictive, IEP Institutional Care
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Child Disorders - Classification Scheme Child...

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