GiveMeLiberty Ch 15-2 - Introduction Sherman Land From the Plantation to the Senate The Meaning of Freedom Blacks and the Meaning of Freedom African

GiveMeLiberty Ch 15-2 - Introduction Sherman Land From the...

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Introduction: Sherman Land From the Plantation to the Senate
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The Meaning of Freedom Blacks and the Meaning of Freedom African Americans’ understanding of freedom was shaped by their experience as slaves and observation of the free society around them. Blacks relished the opportunity to demonstrate their liberation from the regulations (significant and trivial) associated with slavery.
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The Meaning of Freedom Families in Freedom The family was central to the postemancipation black community. Freedom subtly altered relationships within the family. Emancipation increased the power of black men within the family. Black women withdrew from work as field laborers and house servants to the domestic sphere.
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Family Record, a lithograph marketed to former slaves after the Civil War
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The Meaning of Freedom Church and School Blacks abandoned white-controlled religious institutions to create churches of their own. Blacks of all ages flocked to the schools established by northern missionary societies, the Freedmen’s Bureau, and groups of ex-slaves. 1869: 600,000 Blacks enrolled in schools.
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Mother and Daughter Reading, Mt. Meigs
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The Meaning of Freedom Political Freedom The right to vote became central to the former slaves’ desire for empowerment and equality. To demonstrate their patriotism, blacks throughout the South organized Fourth of July celebrations.
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The Meaning of Freedom Land, Labor, and Freedom Former slaves’ ideas of freedom were directly related to land ownership. Many former slaves insisted that through their unpaid labor they had acquired a right to the land.
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The Meaning of Freedom Masters without Slaves The South’s defeat was complete and demoralizing. Planter families faced profound changes. Most planters defined black freedom in the narrowest manner. **Letter from WFW to Dr. Carter.
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Map 15.1 The Barrow Plantation
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The Meaning of Freedom The Free Labor Vision The victorious Republican North tried to implement its own vision of freedom. Free labor The goal of The Freedmen’s Bureau was to establish a working free labor system.
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The Meaning of Freedom The Freedmen’s Bureau (March 1865) The task of the Bureau—establishing schools, providing aid to the poor and aged, settling disputes, etc.—was daunting, especially since it had fewer than 1,000 agents. The Bureau’s achievements in some areas, notably education and health care, were striking.
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The Freedmen’s Bureau, an engraving from Harper’s Weekly
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Black students outside a schoolhouse in a post–Civil War photograph. The teacher is seated at the far right.
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The Meaning of Freedom The Failure of Land Reform President Andrew Johnson ordered nearly all land
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  • Fall '09
  • smith
  • Reconstruction, Ulysses S. Grant, Reconstruction era of the United States, Radical Reconstruction

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