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Lecture7 - Classical Mythology Lecture 7 Aphrodite Birth...

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Classical Mythology Lecture 7
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Aphrodite ! Birth: Hesiod’s version: Theogony 188- 206 ! Cythera and Cyprus (esp. Paphos) cult centers; titles Cythereia and Cypris (= ‘Cyprian’)
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Aphrodite ! Birth: Hesiod’s version: Theogony 188-206 ! Cythera and Cyprus important cult centers; titles Cythereia and Cypris (= ‘Cyprian’) ! Aphrodite from aphros (‘foam’): folk etymology: so too ‘lover of smiles ( meid- )’ associated with ‘genitals ( medea )’ ! daughter of Heaven (Ouranos): cult title Heavenly (Ourania) ! Eros ( Th. 120) and Desire attend birth
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Ludovisi throne, c. 460 BCE
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Botticelli, Birth of Venus , c. 1482
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Aphrodite ! Homer’s version: regularly called ‘Zeus’s daughter’; mother Dione ( Iliad 5.370f.) ! Dione: name means ‘wife/associate of Zeus’: possible old survival: Linear B gives Poseidaon/Posidaeia, Zeus/Diwya ! name of wife of Zeus at Dodona ! prominent at start of Theogony (17; nymph at 353)
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Aphrodite ! Oriental in origin, relatively late addition to Greek mythology (not in Linear B) !
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