Korean Experiences of War and Division - Korean Experiences...

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Korean Experiences of War and Division: 1940-1953 Left/Right split before 1945 -Ideological split between Radical Nationalists(Leftists) vs Conservative Nationalists( Moderates) -Divisions within Koreans, collaborationists (make best out of colonialism) and radical nationalists(believed it took force to overthrow colonialists) -Exacerbated by colonial authorities, colonial authorities tried “divide and conquer” to prevent Korean independence movement -Attempts at cooperation (Korea provisional government in Shanghai(in exile), New Korea Society(1927- 1931, attempt at reconciliation) Partition of Korea -Cairo Confrence (Dec 1943), decided that when Japan was defeated, Korea would enter into trusteeship with other countries -Yalta Conference (Feb 1945), Soviet Union and US jointly share Korea -Postdam Conference (July-Agu 1945) -August 10-11, 1945 division at 38 th Parallel -War ends Aug 15 th Attempts and obstacles to self rule -Korean People’s Republic (sept. 6 1945) behind Syngman Rhee, sounds communist
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