Taiwan - Taiwan I. History a. A series of colonizations,...

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Taiwan I. History a. A series of colonization’s, several thousand years ago: indigenous people (“aborigines”) of Polynesian origin b. 17 th century: Dutch trading settlement, driven out a few decades later by Chinese (late ming dynasty) c. 1895: Sino-Japanese War, Treaty of Shimonoseki, becomes colony of Japan d. 1945: End of WWII “returned” to China (now ROC not Qing Dynasty) e. 1947: February 28 incident (“228”): Nationalist (Guomindtang; Chaing Kai shek) suppression of local protests; martial law declared f. 1949: Nationalists lose civil war to Communist, retreat to Taiwan; Taipei as ROC capital g. 1950’s: Cold war, ROC fear of communism; industrialization esp 1960s-70s h. 1971: UN replaces ROC with PRC in “China” Seat i. 1972:US president Nixon visits PRC, US and PRC issue the Shanghai Communique, affirming “One China Policy”; Japan switches diplomatic recognition from ROC to PRC j. 1979: US switches diplomatic recognition from ROC to PRC k. 1987: martial law lifted after 40 years
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2009 for the course GE CLUST 25A taught by Professor Jung-kim/dutton/huters during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Taiwan - Taiwan I. History a. A series of colonizations,...

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