2nd test notes - 1 Bronze Age(1700-1100 Minoan Crete Growth...

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Bronze Age (1700-1100) Minoan Crete: Growth of old palaces from city plans a. Four Old palaces: Knossos, Phaistos, Mallia, Kato Zacro. (1930-1700) b. Part of the Old palace period, new palaces were built on top of old ones. c. Palaces destroyed in 1700 d. Four New palaces: Knossos, Phaistos, Mallia, Kato Zacro (1700-1350): all of them adorned with beautiful people and things. e. Some architectural features unique to palaces: Central court, usually oriented N-S West court Theatrical area Storage facilities… “magazines” Residential quarters (east) Cult rooms f. Old palace pots: Vividly painted in different colors. With a lot of flowers and natural world MARINE WEAR FOUND! g. Gold pendant: Huge pendant, made in Mallia (old palace) used granulation for this pendant. Knossos: Lots of things found at this palace a. Archeologist Arthur Evan reconstructed some of the palace. 1
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b. Constructed with Post Lintel: it gave the flexibility to use room in a lot of different ways. c. Standard Manoan Columns: used in Knossos: d. Godess: Snake fertile godess. Tiny waist, big breast, headdress, snakes crawling! e. Bull’s Head: made out of soft stone, used as drinking vessels? Masks? 2
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f. Double bladed axes: made out of gold and bronze. Labrys =double bladed ax. Laberith= Maze. g. Fresco Painted walls: 2 kinds wet and dry, only dry frescos used in Knossos. Because the frescos were reconstructed we don’t know where they were meant to be originally. Dolphins and Fish: ALWAYS IN MOVEMENT! Grandstand Fresco: Society in which women are showed with a lot more detail than men, that shows a possible matriarchal society (women’s rule) Toreador fresco: Example of bull leaping, bull worship. Women grabbing bull by horns! a. Pots: 3
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Marine Ware: sense of moving motion, present on this pot! Pithoj: big storage pot, almost human size! Decorated with a lot of movement and rosettes! Mycenaean Palace: (1300-1200) Greek Main Land a. Mycenae Palace: (1600-1500) Home of Agamemnon All palaces share architecture features. CENTRAL MEGARON UNIT: The main hall of a Minoan or Mycenaean palace with an entrance porch and central fireplace surrounded by four columns. Earth quake resistant building! Mycenaean cities are all built on top of mountains, that way they can see anything and anyone who is about to attack them. 2 graves circles A&B (grave circle B is older than A) 4
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Grave circle B has 26 graves w/ no real grouping. For Poor people. Grave Circle A has 6 graves, heads point east, closely grouped, all have stele In Graves they found: 1. People lying on side with bent knees. 2. People buried with all kinds of goods. 3. Buried with weapons 4. Face masks 5. Significant difference between rich and poor 6. Emphasis on winning/ war/ etc. Main Front gate at Mycenae (Lyon gate) 1. Cyclopean rocks: HUGE ROCKS!
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