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Study Guide #1 - Study Guide Historical Perspective...

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Study Guide Historical Perspective/ Human-Primate Relationships 1. Does Western primatology have a different approach to studying primates? Does the western society in general view primates differently? Yes, in western society they are though of as just animals in other countries like Asia they are respected and appreciated for being our ancestors and for looking so much like us. 2. Who was the first person to conduct long term field research? What species did he study? Were the results of his study (in terms of behavior) different from any other species being studied at the time? The first person was Clarence Ray Carpenter, he studied howler monkeys in Panama. He found that: there is no aggressive behavior, they are very organized, they coordinated social groups with relationships and that antagonism is limited to inter-group contact. These results were very different than others done around the same time. 3. What is a possible explanation as to why primate field study did not boom until the 1960? Well because the Piltdown man was found and mankind wanted to find the continuity between ourselves and our ancestors. 4. How is Japanese primatology different than American primatology? In Japan they give primates a more personable perspective and sometimes they will refer to them as having human characteristics and behavior. 5. Is the following statement accurate “Baboons the monkey society”. If not, why is it not accurate? Well it used to be but not anymore. They found more complex views that highlight other species that have “societal rules” as well. What is a Primate? 1. Are the suborders Prosimii and Anthropoidea a gradistic or cladistic classification? They are a Gradistic classification because they are more about traits. 2. How is the classification Prosimii different from Strepsirhini (use the tarsier as an example)?
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Prosimians 1. What are some characteristics that unify the suborder Prosimii? Noctunal Tooth Comb Grooming claw More primitive Seasonal breeders. 2. What family are lorises, pottos and galagos in? Lorisidae (loris & Potto), Galagidae (galagos) 3. What characteristics do members of the family lorisidae and galagidae share? SOLITARY BUT SOCIAL Tapentum Lucidum Emphasis on chemical olfaction Not brightly colored (mostly nocturnal need to blend in) 4. What characteristics that primates share for living at night? Not bright, more discrete. Tapentum Lucidum. Enhanced sense of smell. Solitary 5. How do galagos differ from lorises and pottos in terms of locomotion? Galagos do vertical clinging and leaping while lorises and pottos do quadrupeds/cantilever locomotion. 6. Are the specialized hands of loris a derived trait? 7. Which primates are only found in Madagascar?
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