REALIST THEORY - IR STUDY GUIDE Authors name summary of...

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IR STUDY GUIDE Authors name, summary of articles (every article) Id section Big concepts o Ex. Globalization, darfur, Marxism Short essay Big concepts o Globalization (for sure)—know it. Long essay Big conceprts o After second midterm Globalization, dep. Theory anything important. short essay liberalim o would say that after wwii they learned that need to cooperate inorder for things to be fixed and economies have become more intergrated. o Give a sentence about republicism o Cosompolitainism-increasing exchanges so you have an aprechiation for other coutries, so you are less likely to go to war with them. o Kants trianglual peace.
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o Pacific union Terms: Anarchy Construcism Realism Liberalism Individual rational outcomes produce collectivly suboptimal outcomes Isms beyond mainstream Jus and bello Waltz Jus and bellum Cooperation Neoliberalism Neorealist Cooperation under anarchy Obsolesce of war Identity and alliance duration Geneva conventions Nato Normative determinants The anarchy hierarchy continuum
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Level of analysis Interests “what do states want?” Universality Normative-distribution of power Variants of 3 rd image Systemic levels Human nature Variants of 2 nd image Variants of 1 st image Elements of structure States in neorealism Dem. peace hypothesis Summary of analysis Sovereignty A world of states Nation states Distribution of power Waltz justification Helen Milner Arms build up Promises
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Threats What is IR? State societal level Arms race Actors in liberalist theory Unipolarity Spiral model Multi polarity Bipolarity Deterrence model Individual level Alliance formation/self help system Theory Balancing and bandwagoning /states person primer The liberal peace Power Ordering principal Billiard ball metaphor Relative gains Pareto optimal War Motivations in neorealism Elements of governance Internal determinants Alliance duration Identity alliance Governance Identities “why do Africans weak states continue? “ The state as a social actor Structural realism-the state as social actor 2 views Liberalism (int’l society) “ Contra realist instrumentalism Contra realist materialism The anarchical society Pareto criterion Kw definition of non gov’t organization The strong and the weak Actors in IR Functions of difference of units Key Terms:8
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War - Definition: a condition arising within states (civil war) or between states (interstate war) when actors use violent means to destroy their opponents or coerce them into submission Trends in War : -proportion of countries engaged in wars has declined - most wars occur in the global south (Latin America, Arab region, Africa) - war is no longer fought to gain foreign territory -
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