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prelim1_BB - 1 The cell is considered the basic unit of...

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1. The cell is considered the basic unit of life because * it is the smallest unit capable of exhibiting the fundamental characteristics of life 2. Materialism is a philosophy _________________. * stating that life can be explained in terms of chemistry and physics 3. Alexander Fleming’s discovery of penicillin and Oskar Minkowski’s discovery that the pancreas produced something that prevents diabetes are examples of discoveries made __________. * by accident 4. “Chance Favors a Prepared Mind.” is a famous statement made by ______________. *Louis Pasteur 5. Estimate the volume of blood in liters pumped through the heart in a minute using dimensional analysis assuming the volume of blood pumped through the heart in a single beat is 60 ml. The heart beats 60 times/minute, there are 60 seconds in a minute, 60 minutes in an hour and 24 hours in a day. There are 1000 milliliters in a liter. * 3.6 liters 6. The carbon atoms that exist in our bodies were synthesized __________________. * in the interior of stars and we are all formed from stardust 7. Proteins are better catalysts than RNA because ___________________. * there is more diversity in the Amino Acids than in the nucleotides * Page 1
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8. Occam’s Razor is used to __________________. * minimize the number of assumptions 9. Using his swan-shaped flasks, Pasteur showed that _________________. *life could not be generated spontaneously 10. In 1665, Robert Hooke, the discoverer of cells, called the individual units in a tissue of cork cells because _________________. * they were as empty as a monk’s apartment 11. Animal cells, but not plant cells lyse when placed into a hypotonic solution because ____________.
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