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Lecture11 - Classical Mythology Lecture 11 Pan Not in...

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Classical Mythology Lecture 11
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Pan ! Not in poetry before 5th century; earlier in Arcadia. ! Hom. Hymn: Father Hermes, mother d. of Dryops ! Goat’s feet, horns, beard ! Associated with nymphs; hunting; piping (contest with Apollo); watching flocks
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Pan ! Origins: name means ‘guardian, watcher’; same root in pastor, pastoral ! Identical with Indian Pusan (shared inheritance from 2nd millennium) – pastoral god; goats pull his car; guardian of roads ! But also like Hermes – roads; flocks ! Originally the same? (Title ‘herma-god’ replacing name: compare Akmon and Heaven/Ouranos; Hyperion and Sun/Helios)
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Pan ! Love affairs: ! Syrinx (story in Ovid): invention of panpipes elsewhere credited to Hermes ! Echo: two main versions: – Pan loves in vain; maddened shepherds tear her apart; Earth preserves the still musical fragments – Ovid’s version without Pan
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Pan pursuing goatherd; Priapus in background: note goat’s head, neck, horns, hooves, tail (500-450 BCE)
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Pan and satyr, c. 400 BCE
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Lecture11 - Classical Mythology Lecture 11 Pan Not in...

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