Jeffs Lect - psych of crime desist

Jeffs Lect - psych of crime desist - • Sampson&...

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Why do people stop? Psychology of Crime 1/29/2009 Further readings: Laub, J.H. & Sampson, R.J. (2001). Understanding Desistance from Crime. Crime and Justice, 28 , 1-69 Maruna, S. & Roy, K. (2007). Amputation or reconstruction? Notes on the concept of “knifing off” and desistance from crime. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 23 , 104-124
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Desistance Ceasing to do something How do you know if someone is a desister?
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Desistance Decreases in frequency Decreases in severity A process that occurs over time
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Maturation and Aging Glueck & Glueck (1974) Maturation not Age Normative and Expected But exactly what about maturation? Gottfredson & Hirschi (1990) Age Crime Curve Invariant No Explanation
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Developmental Models Gove (1985), Maruna (2001) Decline in strength, energy Cognitive changes Moffitt (1993) Life Course Persistent Adolescent Limited Different etiologies Different developmental pathways
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Life Course Models
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Unformatted text preview: • Sampson & Laub (1993) and Simons, et. al., (1998) • Social Control and Social Bonds • Salient Life Events Rational Choice Models • Cornish & Clarke (1986) and Piliavin et. al., (1986) • Costs and Benefits • Same Variables Used for Onset and Desistance Social Learning Models • Akers (1994) • Incorporated in Many Theories (e.g. Differential Association) • Same Variables Used for Onset and Desistance • Not so much a model but more of a mechanism • modeling • reinforcement Stability Over Time Antisocial Behavior Other Individual Factors- Impulsivity Stable Stable Individual Factors Poor Outcomes Yet Change “It must be noted, however, that there is still plenty of room for error in early assessment, given that the hit rate of adult maladjustment (i.e. true positives) on the basis of high aggressive Behavior in childhood is about 50%.” (Cairns & Cairns, 1994)...
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