Chapter 4 - Cultural Beliefs Chapter 4 Comments on...

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Cultural Beliefs Chapter 4
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Comments on  Reflection Papers Paper Length Citations Addressing all topics Example Submitting electronically Include your name!
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Rooted in   Symbolic Inheritance  --  beliefs,  “ideas and understandings, both implicit  and explicit, about persons, society, nature  and divinity”   Norms and moral standards that arise  from these beliefs, ideas and  understandings Cultural Beliefs are… (Shweder et al, 1998, p. 868) (Shweder et al, 1998, p. 868)
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Cultural Belief and Roles Gender Roles Gender Roles Age-related Roles Age-related Roles Social Status Roles Social Status Roles Explain these pictures as examples of possible cultural  Explain these pictures as examples of possible cultural  roles... roles...
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Discussion Stop Why do adolescents become  increasingly aware of their  cultural roles and what is  expected of them? FLY-IN ANSWER! Increasing cognitive capacities in adolescence  (i.e., abstract thinking & self-reflection) The transition to adulthood is approaching  along with the need to adapt to adult role  requirements
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Socialization is… The process by which people acquire the behaviors  and beliefs of their culture Socialization Outcomes Socialization Outcomes 1. 1.  Self-regulation  Self-regulation     – ability to comply with social norms – ability to comply with social norms 2. 2.  Role preparation  Role preparation     – for roles in work, gender, institutions  – for roles in work, gender, institutions  such as marriage, parenthood such as marriage, parenthood 3. Cultivation of 3. Cultivation of     sources of meaning sources of meaning     – “ – “ what’s  what’s  important?” “What’s to be lived for important?” “What’s to be lived for ?” ?”
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Cultural Values Individualism Collectivism Independence Self-expression Broad socialization “Western” Obedience Conformity Narrow socialization “Eastern” Keep in Mind -Cultures’ belief systems are not “pure types”  -There are individual differences in any culture -Diversity also exists  within  individuals Independent  Self Interdependent  Self
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Socialization: Broad & Narrow Cultures define the  range  and  focus  of  acceptable personal variation Cultures differ in the  degree  of  restrictiveness they impose Narrow socialization is to  collectivism  as  Broad   socialization is to  individualism
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