Grusky Reader.28-30 - Grusky Reader 28-30 l28 Mosca The...

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Grusky Reader, 28-30 l 28, Mosca, The Ruling Class ¡ All societies ° have two classes (ruling vs. ruled) ¡ Ruling class l Less numerous l Perform political duties l Monopolize power ¡ Ruled l More numerous l Ruled by the ruling class l Less power and advantage
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l Majority defer authority to a minority l An individual – serves as chief within ruling class ± leader ¡ Can be president, but also prime minister, or other politician l Political classifications of governments ¡ Absolute monarchy (Turkey, Russia) ¡ Constitutional or limited monarchy (England, Italy) ¡ Republics (USA, France)
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l Classical divisions – monarchies, aristocracies, democracies (Aristotle) l Inevitability of the domination of organized minority over unorganized majority? ¡ Easier to organize minority and act in unison ¡ Intellectual or moral superiority? – different qualities than the majority? l Division between agricultural class and warrior class ¡ Domination by warrior class ¡ Ownership of land by warrior class ¡ Land become sources of status than military ability ¡ Ruling class ° landed elite
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l From feudal state to bureaucratic state ¡ Wealth produce political power; political power was source of wealth l Rich can influence politics through politicians (corporations, financiers) l Religious societies ¡ Ruled by priestly aristocracy (Egypt, Brahman India) l Possess legal and scientific knowledge l Monopolize learning from lower classes l Specialized knowledge give access to ruling class
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  • Spring '09
  • Dae
  • Sociology, class a, ruling class

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