Grusky Reader.41 44 - Grusky Reader 41 44 l41 Western...

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Grusky Reader, 41, 44 l 41, Western, Incarceration, Unemployment, and Inequality ¡ 1998- 1.78 million men incarcerated (388) ¡ Incarceration and unemployment ° conceals actual unemployment by confining a segment of the population out of the labor force ¡ Long-term effects of job prospects of ex-convicts ¡ Growth of penal system in the 1980s and 1990s (state intervention ° nonmarket allocation of labor) ¡ Disproportionately young Black men ¡ Higher rates than OECD countries
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l Not necessarily higher crime rates than OECD countries h rather, reflection of more aggressive prosecution and tougher sentencing (criminalization of drug-related activity) l Short-run Z keeps unemployed out of the labor market ¡ Higher unemployment rate if inmate population included ¡ In Europe, inclusion of prison population v slightly higher unemployment rate l Long-run — jail time (greater than effect of high school dropout) ¡ Effects continue over time ¡ Undermines employability and productivity
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