Grusky Reader.45 50 51 - Grusky Reader 45 50 51 l45 Turner...

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Grusky Reader, 45, 50, 51 l 45, Turner, Sponsored and Contest Mobility and the School System ¡ Ideal-typical normative patterns of upward mobility ¡ English vs. U.S. ¡ Sponsored v.s contest mobility l Contest – open contest and through own efforts to elite status (420) l Sponsored – recruits chosen by established elite or agents (not my effort or strategy)
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Social Control l Problem of attaining loyalty from disadvantaged classes ¡ Contest mobility ™ through a norm of ambition (aspirations) and sense of fellowship with elites (identification with elites) l Possibility of achieving mobility l Internationalization of norm of ambition l Label unambitious as deviants ° prevents revolutionaries
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l Sponsored mobility ¡ To achieve control makes masses feel incompetent, restricts access to skills and manners of the elite, and creates the idea that elites are superior (421) ¡ Earlier selection for elite recruits ° cultivates idea of inferiority ° fewer discontented masses ¡ Build a sense of mystery about the elite to create illusion of competence ¡ Indoctrination of elite recruits in elite culture l Norm of paternalism, sophistication
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l Emulation of elite values by masses ¡ Contest ± emulation of conspicuous consumption l Formal education ¡ Educational system conforms with societal norms (sponsored vs. contest) ¡ Contest ² elite to have fellowship with masses (relatively open in the U.S.) ¡ Sponsored “ early sorting out of promising from unpromising ° to segregate into special training (England) in grammar schools (university track) l Selection and specialized training for its destined class position (424)
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50, Blau and Duncan, The Process of Stratification l
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