Grusky Reader.54 92 97 - Grusky Reader 54 92 97 l54 MacLeod...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Grusky Reader, 54, 92, 97 l 54, MacLeod, Ain’t No Makin’ It ¡ Outcomes ° seen as due to differences in ability, motivation, and will to work ¡ Story of Horatio Alger ± reinforces the possibility of the American Dream ¡ Some believe that education will have a payoff; others do not ± why? l Most remain within the working-class l Chance of mobility very small ± leads to hopelessness
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
l Experience of being unemployed, undereducated from imprisoned parents, older siblings ° promise of mobility rings hollow (529) l Low aspirations among boys author studied l Job expectations or aspirations p in construction, factories, military, professional sports l Peer groups – Hallway Hangers (white boys) vs. Brothers (Black youths) ¡ Brothers more optimistic about future than Hallway Hangers
Image of page 2
l Difference between aspirations and expectations p latter takes constraints into account (530) l Hallway Hangers – cynical about their future ¡ Crushed aspirations ¡ See work as a means to an end ± jobs as “ boring, undifferentiated, and unrewarding ” (530) ¡ Opportunity structure defines aspirations ¡ Inconsistent work ¡ Do not have low perceptions of their abilities ¡ Rather, low aspirations from evaluation of the job opportunity structure
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
l Idea of meritocracy and mobility in the U.S. ? goes counter to their experience (neighbors, family, and own in the labor market) l Insular community, surrounded by others like them l Family members- industrious, intelligent, hard working ² but remain unemployed or are in unstable jobs ± youths perceive job structure as closed l Hallway Hangers p in menial, dead-end jobs l Conscious of class-based obstacles l Negative reputation of the neighborhood
Image of page 4
l
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern