Grusky Reader.66 69 73 75 - Grusky Reader 66 69 73 75 l66...

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Grusky Reader, 66, 69, 73, 75 l 66, Bonacich, A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: The Split Labor Market ¡ Variations in ethnic antagonism across societies ¡ Exclusion movements l Exclusion of ethnic group ¡ Caste systems l Depend on exploited class ¡ Role of economic competition on antagonism
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Split labor market l Ethnic antagonism 2 due to labor market split along ethnic lines (633) l Different price for the same work ¡ Initial price of labor ° affected by resources -- economic resources (poorer countries), information (lack of information), political resources (strong government can help workers organize emigrants) ¡ Motives° Temporary vs. permanent workers ° willing to accept undesirable jobs and not likely to organize Fixed or supplementary income goal ‰ leaving the labor market after goal is achieved Fortune seeking h sojourners D wants to return home
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Price of labor and ethnicity l Immigrant and colonial work force 2 create price difference l Differences between countries (different employment motives and levels of resources) l Business U prejudice of firms do not determine price of labor but resources and motives of labor U firms want to pay lowest price ¡ Is this true?
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Split labor market l Conflict between business, higher paid labor, and cheaper labor l Employers ¡ Cheap and docile labor or mechanization l Higher paid labor ¡ Class antagonism in the form of ethnic antagonism Q really about class conflict ¡ Competition from ethnically different cheaper labor ° threat to higher paid labor ¡ Threat of competition
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Cheaper labor l To undermine the position of expensive labor ¡ Strikebreaking and undercutting l Exclusion ¡ By organized labor Q to protect its interests l Caste ¡ Exclusion of cheaper labor from certain types of work (641) if cannot be excluded ¡ Forcing cheaper labor in jobs that pay low wages by higher paid labor Q labor aristocracy ¡ Laws, customs, beliefs to prevent undercutting ¡ Weaken cheaper labor politically
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l Exclusion and caste victories of expensive labor ¡ Prefers exclusion over caste D to remove competition ¡ Antagonism of white working class °
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