Grusky Reader0.2 to 5

Grusky Reader0.2 to 5 - Basic Questions and Issues lAmount...

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Basic Questions and Issues l Amount and structure of inequality l Origins and persistence of inequality l Effects of inequality l Components of stratification ¡ Institutional process that defines as valuable and desirable ¡ Rules of allocation across jobs/occupations(5) ¡ Mobility mechanisms
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Davis and Moore, Some Principles of Stratification l Relationship between stratification and social order l The universal necessity of stratification (functional perspective) ¡ Motivating individuals to fill social positions and perform duties according to positions (30) ¡ Social positions and their duties continue beyond individuals ¡ Duties for these social positions are unequal ¡ Some social positions require more ability and training; some more important than others
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Stratification l Inducements needed to fill positions l Differential rewards for different positions ¡ This gives rise to stratification l Types of rewards ¡ Sustenance and comfort (31) ¡ Humor and diversion ¡ Self-respect and ego expansion (prestige and esteem)
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Social positions l Positions with best reward ¡ Most important for society ¡ Require greatest training or talent (31) l For positions that fill easily – not necessary to
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Grusky Reader0.2 to 5 - Basic Questions and Issues lAmount...

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