Grusky Reader0.9-12

Grusky Reader0.9-12 - Grusky Reader, 9-12 lMarx, 9,...

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Grusky Reader, 9-12 l Marx, 9, Alienation and Social Classes ¡ Commodification of labor ¡ Objectification of labor ‹ servitude to the object ¡ Relation to the product of one’s labor as alien object ¡ Consumption of products ± wants satisfied ² but wants do not lead to happiness
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Meaning of work l Laborers losing control over the products they produce I alienation from the product l ¡ Alienation of activity and the activity of alienation (75) l The drudgery of work vs. leisure time at home ¡ Forced labor ¡ Means to an end rather than an end ¡ Working for somebody else and not for himself/herself ¡ Self alienation vs. alienation of the thing
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Alienated labor l Alienates nature from man/woman l Alienates man/woman from himself/herself l Life activity/productive life & solely for reproduction (physical existence) rather than conscious activity (or mental/intellectual life) ¡ Conscious life activity differentiates humans from animals (76) ¡ Humans create culture, civilizations that distinguish them from animals l Alienates humans from other humans
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Questions l If the product of labor is alien to me and confronts me as an alien power, to whom does it belong? If my own activity does not belong to me but is an alien, forced activity, to whom does it belong? To a being other than myself. And who is this being? The gods?”
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l allows other humans to not work and be outside the work process ¡ Private property ± product or result of alienated labor ¡ Alienated labor, alienated man/woman, alienated life, estranged man/woman (78) ¡ Possessing class and proletarian class ± one and the same human self-alienation l One feels satisfied and affirmed; the other destroyed l Conservative side vs. destructive side; one to preserve the status quo, the other to destroy it (78)
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Marx, Classes in Capitalism and Pre- Capitalism l l Capitalist society (bourgeois) ± new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle (79) ¡ Simplification of class conflict ± between bourgeoisie and proletariat ¡ Trade and expansion of the market abroad
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This note was uploaded on 03/03/2009 for the course SOCI 355 taught by Professor Dae during the Spring '09 term at George Mason.

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Grusky Reader0.9-12 - Grusky Reader, 9-12 lMarx, 9,...

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