Test__2_Study_Guide - MGT 325 Test#2 Study Guide Chapter 6...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
MGT 325 Test #2 Study Guide Chapter 6 -- Motivation Concepts (18 questions) Maslow’s Hierarchy Hierarchy of needs Theory Definition Abraham Maslow thought there existed a hierarchy of needs with each indiv. 1. Lower Needs- physiological needs 2. Higher-Order needs- social esteem and self-actualization According to Maslow, you need to understand what level of the hierarchy that a person is currently on and focus on satisfying the needs. 1. Psychological Includes hunger, thirst, shelter, sex and other bodily needs 2. Safety 3. Social 4. Esteem Internal factors such as self-respect, autonomy, and achievement & external factors like status, recognition, & attention 5. Self-Actualization Drive to become what one is capable of becoming, includes growth, achieving one’s potential, and self- fulfillment. ERG Theory ERG theory 3 groups of core needs Can be focused on simultaneously, unlike Maslow’s hierarchy 1. Existence Similar to Maslow’s Safety needs 2. Relatedness 3. Growth Theory X Managers believe that employees inherently dislike work and must be coerced in performing it. Theory Y Managers assume that employees can view work as natural, rest, or play, therefore accept responsibility. McClelland’s learned Needs Theory McClelland’s Theory of Needs Definition Focusses on 3 needs Need for Achievement (nAch) Drive to excel and succeed Prefer 50/50 chances Don’t like gambling with high odds.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Prefer high degree of responsibility and feedback Prefer moderate risk Motivated by personal achievement not by others Need for power (nPow) Making people behave in a way that they normally wouldn’t. A need for Managerial success Need for Affiliation (nAff) Desire for friendly and close interpersonal relationships Successful managers have a low need for affiliation Hertzberg’s 2-Factor Theory Two Factor Theory One’s attitude toward work determines success or failure. Intrinsic factors seem to be related to job satisfaction. 4. Those who feel good about work attribute these factors to themselves Frederick Herzberg Criticism of the Two-Factor Theory 1. Limited by Methodology 2. Unreliable Methodology 3. No overall measure of satisfaction 4. Only assumed link between satisfaction & productivity 1. Attributing success to one’s self, and failure to extrinsic factors 2. May contaminate findings by interpreting 2 identical responses differently 3. One may dislike part of a job, but still like the job as a whole
Background image of page 2
4. Assuming strong relationship btwn the two. Goal Setting Theory/MBO
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/03/2009 for the course MGT 325 taught by Professor Roth during the Spring '07 term at Michigan State University.

Page1 / 16

Test__2_Study_Guide - MGT 325 Test#2 Study Guide Chapter 6...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online