lecture 7 - Mortality - Mortality Concepts and Measurement...

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September 22, 2008 Mortality: Concepts and Measurement
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Today Data and Measurement of Trends – U.S. and Global Epidemiological transition U.S. and global trends (including AIDS) Intro to life tables (for Wednesday)
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Social Science and Morbidity/Mortality? What’s the link?
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Data: Vital Registration
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Website
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Trends in mortality, U.S.
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What is the standard population?
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Table VIII. United States standard population Age Population All ages ............................................ 274,633,642 Under 1 year ..................................... 3,794,901 1-4 years .......................................... 15,191,619 5-14 years ......................................... 39,976,619 15-24 years ....................................... 38,076,743 25-34 years ....................................... 37,233,437 35-44 years ....................................... 44,659,185 45-54 years ....................................... 37,030,152 55-64 years ....................................... 23,961,506 65-74 years ....................................... 18,135,514 75-84 years ....................................... 12,314,793 85 years and over .............................. 4,259,173
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Have improvements in mortality made the population younger or older?
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Age patterns of mortality
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Infant mortality rate IM rate = (Infant Deaths)/Births * 100
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Why? Low birthweight babies (less than 5 pounds 8 ounces) Preterm births The infant death rate for premature babies was 44.0 per 1,000 live births, as compared to 3.2 per 1,000 live births for normal gestation babies. Lack of prenatal care Infants born to women who waited until the 7th month or later to start prenatal care or who received no care were twice as likely to die as infants of women who started care in the first trimester. Mothers with less than a high school education Use of tobacco Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
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  • Fall '08
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