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Lecture_12___abortion

Lecture_12___abortion - October 8 2008 Reproductive Rights...

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October 8, 2008 Reproductive Rights and the Contraceptive Revolution
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Today Reproductive Rights Facts on abortion Who has abortions? Why do people have abortions? When? Late-term abortion? Reproductive technologies Implications for fertility
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Law In the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision, the Supreme Court ruled that women, in consultation with their physician, have a constitutionally protected right to have an abortion in the early stages of pregnancy free from government interference. The right to abortion was reaffirmed in Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992). But the ruling weakened the legal protections previously afforded women and physicians by giving states the right to enact restrictions that do not create an “undue burden” for women seeking abortion. Congress has barred the use of federal Medicaid funds to pay for abortions, except when the woman’s life would be endangered by a full-term pregnancy or in cases of rape or incest. About 13% of all abortions in the United States are paid for with public funds (virtually all from state governments). Publicly supported family planning services prevent some 1.3 million unintended pregnancies annually in the United States.
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Abortions: The facts Number Rate Abortion ratio (percent of pregnancies)
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Who? Closely linked to unintended pregnancy a pregnancy that is either mistimed or unwanted at the time of conception. It is a core concept in understanding the fertility of populations and the unmet need for contraception. Unintended pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of morbidity for women, and with health behaviors during pregnancy that are associated with adverse effects.
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