Study guide Section 1

Study guide Section 1 - CHAPTER 1 System Group of...

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CHAPTER 1 System : Group of components that interact to achieve some purpose. Information System: A Group of components that interact to produce information. Five Component Frameworks: Computer-Based Information System: An information system that includes the usage of a computer. Information: Knowledge that is derived from data, recorded facts and figures. Data : Something that is given. Characteristics of Good Information Accurate: Based on correct and complete data and it has been processes correctly. Timely: Data must be produced in time for its intended use. (Measured against calendar or events) Relevant: Must be relevant to both the context and to the subject. Make it brief enough for the person that needs it, and related to the task at hand. Just Barely Sufficient: Make it sufficient so that a person can make a decision on it, but does not have to calculate it, or simply ignore it. Worth It’s Cost: Consider the costs for developing, salaries, hardware, maintenance, and other aspects when deciding to produce information/data. Types of Workers in Business Organizations Routine Production Services: Employed by high-volume organizations, require few skills, and must be reliable and able to take direction In-Person Services : Jobs that are provided face to face. Simple and repetitive, but require communication. These jobs cannot usually be moved off-shore. Symbolic-Analytic Services: Required by high-value organizations, deal with information and apply abstract reasoning. They use skills to identify customer needs, and how to meet those needs. Symbolic-Analytic workers Problem-Identifiers: People who process information to determine that something is not as it should be. Problem-Solvers: People who use technology and other assets to create problem solutions. Solution Brokers: People, who link identifiers and solvers, are able to raise money, and influence decision makers to create the solution. Moore’s Law : The number of transistors per square inch on an integrated chip doubles every 18 months. Management Information Systems (MIS) : The development and use of information systems that help businesses achieve their goals and objectives Non-Routine Cognitive Skills: skills that include abstract reasoning, problem solving, communication, and collaboration CHAPTER 2
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