Ch_322a_4.05 - Nomenclature of Alkyl Halides The halogen...

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Nomenclature of Alkyl Halides The halogen substituted alkanes are named as haloalkanes in the IUPAC system. All the rules presented earlier apply. CH 3 CH Cl CH 3 2-chloro propane CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 Br 1-bromo butane When both halo and alkyl substituents are present, number from the end nearer the first substituent, whether halo or alkyl, and list the substituents in alphabetical order. CH 3 CHCHCH 2 CH 3 Br CH 3 2-bromo-3-methyl pentane
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If the two substituents are equal distance from an end of the chain,
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Unformatted text preview: number from the end that gives alphabetical preference. CH 3 CHCH 2 CHCH 3 I CH 3 2-iodo-4-methyl pentane Common Names: Alkyl Halides Common names of alkyl halides are based on the alkyl group name and the name of the halide. CH 3 CH 2 Br ethyl bromide CH 3 CHCH 3 Cl isopropyl chloride CH 3 CCH 3 CH 3 Cl tert-butyl chloride...
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  • Spring '08
  • Singer
  • Alkyl, Halogen

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