Test 1 Notes - Pluralism Separate interests compromise...

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Pluralism –Separate interests compromise under government which reconciles competitors Power - Who gets what from who? The government decides. Every government must do two things to survive: 1. Secure its defined territory 2. Command obedience of its people Politics : Process by which we determine how much power gov has and who exercises it. Who Holds Gov Power? Power belongs to the people, said the Americans. Government only gets granted power from people coming together and agree to allow gov to exercise power. People from England built the colonies with just this. They were running away from religious persecution, political persecution, economic and class structure that didn’t allow them to move up and make things better. They were fleeing power. They didn’t want government. It was a problem to these people in their lifetimes that oppressed and punished and took the riches produced by labor. Things needed to be done that could not be done by an individual, that required the togetherness of people. The power that the gov exercised led them to the idea that the best gov was one that was limited power . No one group could assume too much authority. The gov should be in power only those things specifically necessary. What good is a gov across the ocean? They don’t understand in London what it’s like in Massachusetts Bay Colony. This led to another thing: local government . They built township gov to rule local places. Two principles that are key to a gov for American culture: 1. Limited power 2. Local government Different Kinds of Gov 1. Democracy – gov run by the people. Most are constitutional (according to a written charter). It lays out specificity what power the people are granting to their government . Two limits: Substantive- what gov can do (coin money, build roads, regulate commerce) Procedural- define how gov will operate (must be indigted by grand jury) 2. Autocracy – an individual is in charge 3. Oligarchy – small group of elite ruling the people 4. Authoritarian – one where power is centralized and exercised w virtually no restrictions. The only thing that stops them is another powerful cultural institution. When gov attempts to rule and put policies in place, it must consider for instance what the Catholic Church things (one other thing). 5. Totalitarian – total control. Speech could be a crime. No freedom of the press. No free exercise of religion. No right to a lawyer. Government’s Primary Functions 1. Maintain order to secure your safety 2. Protect property (we produce valuable things with labor – to get $, food, needs) 3. Provide for common good, to do things that an individual cannot Colonies Established In the new world, the Dutch, Chinese, everyone wanted to influence the new nation for prosperity. They did this by sending their explorers. English: Virginia Co. and Mass. Bay Co. came in search of trade goods, new markets, and
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Test 1 Notes - Pluralism Separate interests compromise...

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