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QUESTION 1: PHILADELPHIA — Senator Barack Obama found himself consistently on the defensive as he and Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton met Wednesday night in a tense debate that left him parrying questions and criticism on issues including values, patriotism and his association with onetime radicals from the 1960s . How does the focus on the three “issues” cited above relate to our discussions on the Southern Strategy? Be sure to fully explain the Southern Strategy, including its development from its historic roots and its purpose and usefulness in the political process. Southern strategy roots - FDR and the New Deal: brought the feds to intervene in business, when the feds tried to ban private discrimination, the demo S. did all it could to remain a racist state- ultimately developed the sense of a Solid South (virtually all Southerners were Demo) - 1948 election: Dixiecrats (S. Demos who split from Demo party bcs didn’t like strong civil rights) nominated Strom Thurmond for pres, who wanted segregation and Jim Crow. Dixiecrats didn’t win, soon the party was diminished, but the Demo split remained - WW2 and post-war brought about social change: appalled many traditionalists in the S. - 1964 election: Republican Barry Goldwater very conservative, opposed Civil Rights Act of 64 bcs diminished “states rights,” and was openly racist, appealed to S. Demos, LBJ won eventually - LBJ carried out the Civil Rights legislation, while knowing it would anger the South. - 1968 election: o Nixon (used code words like “states rights” and “busing” and “law and order” to appeal to many states that were moderate, but he was really aiming at the South: the Solid South, with all this change happening in the US- drug subculture, Civil Rights, individual rights by selective incorporation, fear of external threat like socialists or communists and questions about patriotism, the striking down of laws of moral and religious nature, Nixon wanted to appeal to more conservatives (he even wanted to appoint more conservatives in Supreme Court) / based on traditional values: appeal to anti-abortion, pro-prayer, anti-homo, pro-traditional, anti-communist, pro-america o Indep. Party pres. Candidate Wallace- lost because he used the SS to the extreme (used racist terminology, only appealed to racist Anglos in the South) o Basically: SS is about nothing substantive, only about taking maintaining political power for 1) deregulation, 2) cut taxes - Came from a desire to break up the New Deal coalition that had nothing to do with economics except that it was aimed at small interest coalitions that were formed around economics (they were the majority) Purpose and usefulness of SS- - The SS – mechanism for getting elected - So that people can maintain political power for 1) deregulation, 2) cut taxes Wedge issues - These wedge issues (values, patriotism, and onetime radicals from the 1960s) Clinton addresses (how Obama won’t wear an American pin, Obama’s association with past members of a group of
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