Hobbes - 10/15 Hobbes(17th C Impressed with modern science...

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10/15 Hobbes (17 th C) - Impressed with modern science - Trying to square vision of humanity o Matter, outside world o Humans not essentially made of matter - Materialist o Not a dualist o Not a rationalist o Empiricist- we need to look to the senses o Mechanist- thinks the way matter interacts is entirely mechanically (like a machine), effects produced through direct contact w/ others, matter of motion Leviathan - Text of political philosophy - Thinks he has to get over lots of problems w/ traditional philosophy Hobbes and Plato (L and Republic) - Both treat political phil - On the way, proper structure of the state - Both have to get down to what’s real, what really exists - How we can get to knowledge - Necessary to come to understanding of proper structure of the state Hobbes - Explains nature of thought through empirical means - Origin of thought: in sense - Thoughts are produced by interaction w/ external material world on the sensory material part of human being in a mechanistic way Acc to Hobbes, Descartes (law of inertia – continual movement) uses his law to describe us internally. Imagination (something about your train of thought that is different than your conception of objects) – self governing, free, more active, self moving - You can’t conjure up something if you haven’t seen it before - Not as casual as it appears to be, acc to Hobbes Dreams - I am well satisfied when I am awake - You can be doubtful, Hobbes isn’t trying to prove you are awake - You have to give up certainty, no rational proof, but good enough - You may be dreaming, but you can satisfy yourselves - Empiricism view Inner Life - Compatible w/ Descartes: objects are different than how we sense them - We can’t be naïve empiricists- look carefully, can’t think the world around us is what we sense it is -
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