Midterm 2 Rev - Midterm 2 Review 1 What is Hume’s view of...

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Unformatted text preview: Midterm 2 Review-- 1. What is Hume’s view of personal identity, or the self? What are his arguments for this? a. Personal identity- characterizing loose cohesion of one’s personal experience together, the soul compares to a commonwealth which retains its identity not by virtue of some enduring core substance but by being composed of many different and related yet constantly changing elements (goes with the Self too) b. We tend to think we are the same person we were 5 years ago, we have changed, but we feel the same. However, Hume denies that there is a distinction b/w the various features of a person and the mysterious self that supposedly bears those features. We are never intimately conscious of anything but in a particular perception, man is a bundle of different perceptions which succeed one another c. What matters for Hume is not that Identity exists but that the relations of causation, contiguity, and resemblances obtain among perceptions 2. What is Hume’s view of identity in general? a. Idea betwixt unity and number b. Bundle theory- no such thing as identity, two main theories of identity on the aspect of continuity of the self- 1) continuity is provided by physical form, 2) continuity provided by psychological phenomena and memory c. Bundle theory of ontology- objects are a bundle of their properties, object itself therefore cannot exist separately from its properties, object made of collected properties d. Bundle theory relating to the mind- individual product of their thoughts, experiences, etc; hume attempts to introspect the nature of the self that owns and feels these experiences, but he comes up empty handed. e. There is no I (or owner of experiences), just set of experiences related by “resemblance, contiguity in time or place, and Cause and Effect” f. Objects don’t exist- only bundle of properties. Identities don’t exist. g. A fiction, relations of causation/ contiguity/ resemblances, perceptions do not belong to anything h. Identity of the mind – mind is just a bundle of perceptions which keeps changing, mind not constant i. Identity as a relation i. Theory of Identity x = x / x = y / fx fy ii. If x and y are identical, then what is true of x is also true of y j. False that we call our self an actual self, it is constantly changing so it is never the same as was it was a moment before 3. What are three relations b/w ideas, according to Hume? Which relation is not directly given in impressions or experience? a. Resemblance i. Relation- Two senses considerably different from one another but linked in imagination ii. Resemblance is necessary to all philosophical relation iii. No relation of any kind can subsist without some degree of resemblance b. Contiguity – one thing is next to another in space or time c. Cause and Effect – one thing causes an effect d. Cause and Effect is not directly given in impressions/ experience 4. What sort of reasoning gives us necessary connections according to Hume?...
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Midterm 2 Rev - Midterm 2 Review 1 What is Hume’s view of...

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