PHL 303 Final Review Questions
How is resisting instincts a symptom of decline in Nietzsche?
N: Nothing has preoccupied me more profoundly than the problem of
decadence—I had reasons. "Good and evil" is merely a variation of that problem.
Once one has developed a keen eve for the symptoms of
understands morality, too—one understands what is hiding under its most sacred
names and value formulas: impoverished life, the will to the end, the great
weariness. Morality negates life.
This critique of DECADENCE shown in example – man who knows the value of
health when he is sick cannot fail to recognize philosophical value of sickness
itself (without which health would be unable to achieve self-consciousness)
N: A long, all too long, series of years signifies recovery for me; unfortunately it
also signifies relapse. decay, the periodicity of a kind of decadence. Need I say
after all this that in questions of decadence I am experienced? I have spelled them
forward and backward.
... Looking from the perspective of the sick toward
healthier concepts and values and, conversely, looking again from the fullness
and self- assurance of a rich life down into the secret work of the instinct of
decadence—in this I have the longest training, my truest experience. . . . Now I
know how, have the know-how, to reverse perspectives: the first reason why a
"revaluation of values" is perhaps possible for me alone.
This does not mean, however, that all music is decadent. As pointed out earlier,
decadence is a question of "will" and an "ideal," not
such (a fact of life that would be cowardly to deny) but acceptance and
. Even within the overwhelmingly decadent context of
recognizes the possibility of a music "that would no longer
be of romantic origin, like German music—but Dionysian."76 The first section of
The Case of Wagner offers an example: Bizet's Carmen, conceived as an absolute
counterpart of Wagnerian decadence. If we reverse the terms of
characterization of Bizet, we obtain in a concentrated form his main arguments
What is Nietzsche’s evaluation of the equation: reason=virtue=happiness?
His evaluation is that the equation confuses cause with effect. Suppose the cause
is some form of happiness in denial, or a person denying themselves of a certain
pleasure. Asceticism is the effect, rather than the cause is N’s theory. To affirm
struggles, pain accompanies worthwhile achievements
Socrates (symptomatic of an impending decline). Early civilizations (like the
Greek civ) are healthy when the happiness of its people is the product of instinct.
Socrates recognized a sickness in himself when he contained bad cravings within